How many kilometers of range do electric vehicles need to reach to fully replace fuel-powered vehicles?
It’s an interesting question. It seems that the major car companies are constantly pushing the limits of range. They used to think that a range of 600 km was rare, but in 2021-2022 they broke 700-800 km, even a pure electric car with a top speed of 1,000 kilometers.
As we all know, the difference between the fuel consumption of a gasoline-powered car and the electricity consumption of an electric car is that the test results differ from the actual driving, because the test environment is somewhat out of reality, but the difference is getting smaller and smaller, especially in the low power consumption of the heat pump system after the start of the application, even the winter power consumption has been greatly reduced. For a car with a range of more than 600 kilometers, it has actually reached about 500 kilometers, which is good enough.
There are always people on the internet who seem to be car enthusiasts extolling the importance of range influenced by the electric vehicle lithium battery, always talking about how many kilometers can not replace the fuel car, the requirements are always very ridiculous; In fact, electric vehicles do not need a long-range, the mainstream models have a range of 500 kilometers or so is enough, different models can be some disparity.
Mini cars, 200-300 km
Small cars, 300-400 km
Compact class and above vehicles, 500 km
MPV/light passenger/pickup truck and other commercial models, 700-800 km
Buses and trucks should use trolleybus mode or extended-range technology
Mini-cars can be found in MINIEV, Kleway or E-Star, which have very little space and very little crash protection, and are only suitable for short commutes on low-and medium-speed roads, it has little to do with highways or long-distance self-driving; so what are these cars doing with such a long range? It simply increases the cost of the battery pack, making the car more expensive, and the Minicar doesn’t have a low enough price, it’s out of the market, and it doesn’t make sense to exist.
Needless to say, the real problem with electric cars is not range, but”price” and size.
Some fuel-powered cars that experience performance also don’t have long range. The series of cars, SUVs, and MPVs that have actually been used are considered good if they can exceed 500 kilometers in combined road conditions. Mini-cars generally only have 300 – 400 kilometers, and the fuel tank is small, so the range is never very high, reaching nine hundred or even thousands of kilometers, which is the standard for passenger vehicles, except buses and trucks, and for SUVs with dual fuel tanks.
So why does it always feel like electric cars don’t last long enough? This is also an objective fact, the problem is the same price of electric cars and fuel vehicles, range is often less.
50,000-100,000 RMB range of fuel vehicles including the Imperial Hao, the Plus, Haverford M 6, vision x 6, Auchan X 5, shadow leopard, these compact cars and SUVs have a total range of about 500 km; But the range of 50,000-100,000 RMB electric cars can only refer to Hongguang MINIEV, Black Cat, white cat, Emperor Hao GSE, Yuan Pro and other cars, these cars range up to 300 kilometers.
Over 100,000 RMB fuel-powered cars have a range of about 500 kilometers, while electric cars in the 100,000 to 150,000 range typically have a range of just over 400 kilometers, only the 500-800-kilometer range of electric vehicles is available for more than 150,000RMB; however, mainstream cars, which account for more than 70% of the market, are all priced under 150,000RMB, and the range of mainstream cars is not long enough, that’s the problem.
The main problem with electric cars is not constantly pushing the limits of range, but speeding up the diversification of power batteries, with lithium-iron phosphate or NCM as the core, and looking for lower-cost battery materials, energy density doesn’t have to be very high, as long as the cost is low, you can increase the installed capacity, you can effectively increase the range, and by reducing the cost of the battery, you can increase the size of the car, such mainstream electric vehicles can really gain market acceptance.